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Ontario Tech acknowledges the lands and people of the Mississaugas of Scugog Island First Nation.

We are thankful to be welcome on these lands in friendship. The lands we are situated on are covered by the Williams Treaties and are the traditional territory of the Mississaugas, a branch of the greater Anishinaabeg Nation, including Algonquin, Ojibway, Odawa and Pottawatomi. These lands remain home to many Indigenous nations and peoples.

We acknowledge this land out of respect for the Indigenous nations who have cared for Turtle Island, also called North America, from before the arrival of settler peoples until this day. Most importantly, we acknowledge that the history of these lands has been tainted by poor treatment and a lack of friendship with the First Nations who call them home.

This history is something we are all affected by because we are all treaty people in Canada. We all have a shared history to reflect on, and each of us is affected by this history in different ways. Our past defines our present, but if we move forward as friends and allies, then it does not have to define our future.

Learn more about Indigenous Education and Cultural Services

Permanent residence (PR)

What is permanent resident status?

Permanent residents (PR) are not Canadian citizens. They are foreign nationals who are still citizens of other countries and hold passports from other countries, but are also no longer temporary residents. They have more permanent status in Canada, which includes the right to:

  • Receive most social benefits Canadian citizens receive, including health care coverage.
  • Live, work or study anywhere in Canada.
  • Apply for Canadian Citizenship.

Permanent residents are able to live outside of Canada, but must live in Canada for at least two years in a five-year period. Living outside of Canada longer may result in loss of permanent resident status.

Learn more about permanent resident status.

What is the difference between permanent residents and citizens?

Permanent residency status is the first step towards Canadian citizenship.  

Unlike permanent residents, Canadian citizens:

  • Receive Canadian passports.
  • Have the right to vote.
  • Have the right to run for political office.
  • Are able to hold specific high-level security clearance positions.

To apply for Canadian Citizenship, permanent residents must meet certain conditions, including time lived in Canada and income tax-filing requirements.

Review the eligibility requirements of becoming a Canadian Citizen on the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada website.

How to become a permanent resident

There are many categories and programs under which foreign nationals can apply for permanent residency. Each program/class has its own eligibility requirements. 

Federal programs
The programs are separated into economic and non-economic categories.

The Express Entry Program is the main federal program through which international students tend to apply for permanent residency. Express Entry includes Canadian Experience Class, Federal Skilled Worker and Federal Skilled Trades streams. Express Entry is an online system that manages applications for permanent residence from skilled workers. Applicants are selected on the basis of their ability to become economically established in Canada and/or fill an economic need in Canada. Learn more about the Express Entry Program on the IRCC website

Provincial programs

The Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) is an immigration program through which individuals and their families can be nominated for permanent resident status based on skills, education and work experience that will contribute to the economy of the province or territory in which they decide to reside. 

Every province and territory has its own PNP streams. Each stream has its own set of criteria for nominee eligibility (with the exception of Quebec, which does not have a PNP program).

To find out which streams you may be eligible for, visit the specific PNP website for the province/territory by going to the IRCC website

We are not PR experts, and because we want you to get the best advice possible, we do not advise on PR. Find a regulated immigration consultant or lawyer.